EuroWorkshop: Epithermal Gold Deposits of Western Anatolia, Turkey
14 – 20 May 2018
Çesme, Izmir, Turkey
European Federation of Geologists (EFG) and Maden Jeologlari Dernegi (MJD) / Turkish Association of Economic Geologists.
- Optional Field Trip
- Council Meeting
- Euroworkshop Grant
- How to arrive
- Clarification concerning the EuroWorkshop in Turkey
The European Federation of Geologists (EFG) and the Maden Jeologları Derneği (MJD), Turkish Association of Economic Geologists, will co-organise a EuroWorkshop on “Epithermal Gold Deposits in the Big Peninsula” in Çeşme (on the western coast of İzmir, Turkey) on 17 and 18 May 2018. The EuroWorkshop will have an optional Pre-Workshop Field Trip between 14-16 May 2018.
The EuroWorkshop 2018 aims to understand;
- How the low, intermediate and high sulfidation epithermal mineralization have been formed
- Metallogeny and current understanding of the epithermal deposits
- Success and failure on exploration and mining for epithermal deposits in Turkey
EuroWorkshops are a new form of professional training that EFG proposes to European Geologist title holders and other geoscientists. This new type of training activity will intensify the professional exchange of ideas and the contacts between geologists from all over Europe and will also strengthen the European idea within the family of geoscientists. The EuroWorkshops will also provide applied training for students and young professionals, offering special conditions for them. This way, young geologists will become familiar with the vision and mission of EFG, while EuroGeologists will have the chance to upgrade their knowledge and experience since the workshops are CPD certified.
The 75th EFG Spring Council Meeting will be held on 19-20 May, 2018 (for EFG delegates only).
Turkey, a collage of complex terranes in the Tethyan Belt, has largely been shaped by interplay of several subduction and collision events related to the opening, final closure and terminal suturing of the Tethys oceanic realms, since the Permian. The mineral deposits in this collage are particularly resulted from subductional and post-collisional events due to closure of NeoTethys ocean and collision between Afro-Arabian passive margin and Eurasian active margin since the late Cretaceous to Miocene. Collectively, this led to fertile metallogenic environment with abundant porphyry Cu, orthomagmatic, volcanogenic massive sulfide, skarn, epithermal, and ironoxide-Cu-Au deposits, clustering in narrow arc segments, and post to late-orogenic transtensional and transpressional settings. Turkey has a long history of mining and hosts some world-class epithermal gold deposits that are being exploited commercially. Over 500 gold occurences, prospects and deposits are known occuring in Turkey, and they are mainly clustered in three metallogenic provinces; western Anatolia with the Biga Peninsula in particular, northeastheastern Anatolia, and eastern central Anatolia.
Turkey has become an attractive destination for gold mining companies, proudly taking the title of Europe’s largest gold producer. The initiation of full production of first gold mine of Turkey at Ovacik (Bergama, Izmir) in 2001, has revolutionized the gold exploration and mining, and triggered many active gold mines to come into production such as Kışladağ porphyry Au, Çöpler porphyry Cu-Au, Efemçukuru epithermal Au-Ag, Ovacık epithermal Au-Ag, Çukuralan epithermal Cu-Au, Mastra epithermal Au, Kaymaz epithermal Au, Himmetdede shear zone-hosted Au, Bolkardağ lateritic Au, Altıntepe epithermal Au, Kızıltepe epithermal Au and Midi epithermal Au-Ag. Apart from the deposits being mined, the last five years were a major era for many ongoing feasibility and development gold projects, such as Mollakara, Öksüt, Karadere, Sahinli, Inlice, Kartaldag, Yenipazar, Ağı Dağı, Kirazlı and TV tower.
The significant mineral deposits of the Biga Peninsula are temporarily and spatially associated with magmatism related to mainly to collisional and post-collisional tectonic regime between 42 Ma to present. This magmatism has been generated in response to final closure of the NeoTethys Ocean along Hellenic-Aegean subduction due to closure of the Mediterranean Sea, the remaining NeoTethys ocean to the west. These events generated voluminous calc-alkaline and alkaline magmatism, that reflects a transition from arc to post-collisional settings and effects of collision and onset of crustal thickening and subsequent extension since the ca. 42 Ma.
The aim of this EuroWorkshop is to provide an outlook to and a deeper understanding of the epithermal gold deposits of Turkey with the Biga peninsula in particular. This will also enable the participants to evaluate the current exploration programs and the discoveries of gold deposits in the area, to contribute to society to see successes and failures on exploration and discoveries. Finally, the EuroWorkshop will provide a general overview of the present status of gold discovery and mining in Turkey.
14-16 May 2018: Biga Peninsula
Biga Peninsula, several epithermal minesite and core shack visits and touristic site visits including Troy and Pergamon.
Standard price 450€/ EurGeol 425€/ Early bird – Standard 425€/ Early bird – EurGeol 400€.
Important information: The meeting point for the fieldtrip will be the hall of the Ilıca Hotel the morning of the 14th of May or the Canakkale Akol Hotel the evening of the 14th of May. People attending the pre-workshop fieldtrip can either stay in the Ilıca Hotel the night of the 13th of May or meeting the group in Canakkale Akol Hotel the evening of the 14th of May. In this case, participants will have to arrange their travel to Çanakkale and the accommodation for the night of the 13th of May, if needed.
Coverage: The below items are included in the field trip
- Bus transportation (Çesme-Canakkale-Çesme)
- Accomodation on Canakkale (the night of the 14th & 15th of May)
- Breakfast, lunch, dinner and beverage
- Field guide and explanations
- Excursion guide
Who is this for?
This tour is for all geologists who are interested in learning more about the high and low sulfidation epithermal Au-Ag deposits, Sahinli (Kestanelik), Kirazlı and TV tower gold deposits. The participants will also have chance to visit and see the nearby Halilağa porphyry Cu-Au prospect.
Participants will gain:
- Knowledge of the regional geology, tectonics, magmatism, & metallogenic belts in the western Anatolia region of Turkey.
- Overview of epithermal gold-silver systems
- An understanding of the geological framework, geochronology & genesis of low (LS), Intermediate (IS) and high sulfidation (HS) epithermal Au systems at the Biga Peninsula
- A review and an overlook of various exploration techniques and tools by industry for finding mineralization in western Anatolia, including geochemical analysis, ground geophysical surveys and drilling operations.
- An understanding of open pit, tank and heap leach gold extraction processes
- Spectacular ore-vein textures at Sahinli low sulfidation epithermal gold deposit
- Tank leach facilities and construction site
- Core shack visit and drill core inspection
- Presentions and hands-on explanation-discussion at the site
- Visit to Troy-Trojan Horse and (Social and touristic visit)
Number of participants:
Minimum of 12 participants required by the early registration
MAY 14, 2018
Meeting at the hall of the Ilıca Hotel at 09.00 am
Drive to Çanakkale – 7 Hours
Stay in Çanakkale (included)
MAY 15, 2018
08:30-09:00 – Visit to Core shack, TV Tower high sulfidation epithermal gold prospect
09:00-10:30 – Core shack, TV Tower: Welcome presentation by the company geologists & Core inspection and briefing
10:00-10:45 – Bus, transport from Core shack to ŞLahinli low sulfidation epithermal gold deposit
10:45-13:30 – Visit to Şahinli low sulfidation epithermal gold deposit (Çanakkale): Welcome and presentation by the company geologists & Visit to view point and briefing on the mineralization, vein types
12:30-13:30 – Lunch at the deposit (lunch will be served by the company)
13:30-15:00 – Visit to Kirazlı-Ağıdağı high sulfidation epithermal gold deposit (Çan-Çanakkale)
15:00-16:45 – Kirazlı-Ağıdağı high sulfidation epithermal gold deposit: Core shack, core inspection, ore-vein textures
16:45-17:30 – Bus, transport from Çan to hotel in Çanakkale (included)
MAY 16, 2018
08:00-08:45 – Bus transport to Troy
08.45-10:45 – Visit Troy
10:45-13:00 – Bus, transport to Ovacık low sulfidation epithermal gold deposit
12:30 – 13:30 – Lunch, snack or lunch pack
13:30-15:00 – Ovacık low sulfidation epithermal gold deposit: Welcome and presentation by the company geologists; Visit to view point and briefing on the mineralization, vein types & Visit to stock pile for ore-vein textures
15:00-15:40 – Bus, from Ovacık gold deposit to Temple of Zeus (Pergamon)
15:40-16:40 – Visit to Temple of Zeus (Pergamon)
16:40-20:00 – Free time at Bergama, Bus transport from Pergamon to Çeşme
17-18 May 2018: EuroWorkshop “Epithermal Gold Deposits of Biga Peninsula/Western Anatolia, TURKEY”
Standard price 275€/ EurGeol 250€/ Early bird – Standard 250€/ Early bird – EurGeol 225€.
Coverage: The below items are included in the Euroworkshop and the field trip
- Bus transportation (hotel-site-hotel in Çeşme)
- Field guide and explanations
- Lunch and beverage on 17 May, 2018
- Excursion guide
- Dinner on 17 May, 2018
Participants will gain:
- Knowledge of the regional geology, tectonics, magmatism, & metallogenic belts in the western Anatolia region of Turkey
- Overview of epithermal gold-silver systems
- An understanding of the geological framework, geochronology & genesis of low-, Intermediate and high sulfidation epithermal Au systems at the Biga Peninsula
- A review and an overlook of various exploration techniques and tools by industry for finding mineralization in western Anatolia, including geochemical analysis, ground geophysical surveys, & drilling operations
MAY 17, 2018: Euroworkshop “Epithermal Gold Deposits of Biga Peninsula/Western Anatolia, TURKEY”
09:00-09:30 – Registration
SESSION 1: Opening and Welcome
Chair: Marko Komac (EFG External Relations Officer)
09:30-09:40 Welcome speech by the MJD President – Ahmet Şentürk
09:40-09:50 Welcome speech by the EFG President – Vitor Correia
09:50 – 10:05 EurGeol-Competent Person Importance Talk – Michael Neumann
Chair Change and Introduction (5 mins)
SESSION 2: Epithermal Gold Deposits of Western Anatolia
Chair: Ahmet Şentürk (MJD President)
10:10-11:00 Magmatism and epithermal gold deposits of western Anatolia (Ilkay Kuşçu)
11:00-11:20 Coffee break
11:20-11:40 Exploration activities for epithermal gold deposits at Biga Peninsula; success and failure (Nuri Ceyhan)
11:40-12:00 Reconnaissance exploration by Remote Sensing at the Biga Peninsula; success and failure (Arda Arcasoy)
12:00-12:20 Fault geometry and kinematics of the Biga Peninsula in relation to hydrothermal systems and magmatism-mineralization (Erdin Bozkurt)
12:20-14:30 Lunch, poster session and free time
SESSION 3: Resource and reserve calculation for epithermal gold deposits at Biga Peninsula; problems and solutions
Chair: Michael Neumann (EFG Vice President)
14:30-15:15 Resource and reserve calculation for epithermal gold deposits at Biga Peninsula; problems and solutions (İsmail Cihan)
15:15 – 16:00 How to create a reconciliation nightmare? Avoid “Geology” in resource and reserve calculation! (Cengiz Demirci)
16:00-16:30 Coffee break
SESSION 4: Discussion panel on exploration of Epithermal gold deposits at Biga Peninsula: technical, social and environmental challenges
Moderator: Vitor Correia (EFG President) and Isabel Fernandez (EFG Executive Director)
16:30 – Panel discussion (Speakers to be declared in late March, 2018)
MAY 18, 2018: Efemçukuru Gold Mine Field Trip
8:00-9:30 Departure from Çeşme and arrival to Efemcukuru Au deposit
09:30-11:30 Efemcukuru IS- Au deposit
Welcome and presentation by the company geologists
Visit to Kokarpinar vein at the deposit site;
12:30-14:30 Bus, transport from Efemçukuru to Arapdağ LS epithermal deposit (historical operation)
14:30-17:00 Arapdağ LS epithermal deposit
Visit to old workings
17:00-18:30 Bus, transport from Arapdağ to Çeşme
18:30 Arrival to hotel at Çeşme (Hotel Stay is not included)
Are you a student or young professional?
EFG offers special support for ten young professionals. If you have less than 30 years and are a student or young professional in geosciences, you may apply for a grant of 150 EUR supporting your travel and accommodation costs. The fee of the workshop will be reduced to zero, but the field trips will not be covered.
How to apply?
The deadline for applications is 15 April 2018. We will inform you in the second half of April if you were selected for the travel grant.
If you are selected, you will have to prepare a poster about “epithermal gold deposits and the need for gold mining in Europe” that will be submitted by 30 April 2018. Please note that we require at least one presenter per accepted poster to attend the conference. Final posters should be in either portrait or landscape format with the following maximum dimensions: 594 x 841 cm.
Please register filling in the following form:
-Single bedroom (60 EUR/night)
-Double bedroom (80 EUR/night): It is possible to book this room and share it with another EuroWorkshop participant.
-Triple bedroom (115 EUR/night): It is possible to book this room and share it with other EuroWorkshop participants.
Breakfast and lunch is included for the people staying at the hotel.
If you are interested in staying in the Ilıca Hotel, you can select the nights you will be staying and the type of bedroom you prefer in the registration tab of this page. You will be contacted for the payment.
The rooms are reserved for a limited number of people.
The EuroWorkshop hotel in Çesme is located 90 minutes away from the İzmir Adnan Menderes Airport (the international airport, IATA: ADB). It is possible to go from the İzmir Adnan Menderes Airport to Çesme by bus or taxi. The information about the company providing this service (HAVAS) can be found here in English. The bus stop it is at the same airport, the destination of the bus is “Çesme Bus Terminal”. The price of the ticket will be 5-6 EUR including 18%VAT and the travel will be 90 minutes long. Going by taxi can be expensive.
If going by bus, once in the Çesme Bus Terminal it is recommended to take a taxi to arrive at the hotel.
In light of recent actions of the Turkish government, we received comments from concerned colleagues on the upcoming Council meeting and EuroWorkshop that will take place in Izmir, Turkey.
We understand these concerns. As a not-for-profit organisation whose purpose is to represent the professions of geology in Europe, we distance ourselves from the political »side-taking«, and we stand in the position that geological practice has to be independent of political, religious, gender or racial constraints. Our Turkish colleagues from MJD/TAEG (Maden Jeologları Derneği/Turkish Association of Economic Geologists) are independent of the Turkish government, and they share EFG values.
Consequentially, despite the policies of the Turkish government and the current conflict situations in the mid-east region, the EFG Board decided not to cancel the Council meeting in Izmir, in support of the independence of TAEG/MJD.
We sincerely hope that you understand our decision.