Panels of Experts

In December of 2003, EFG has created the Panels of Experts (PE) to fulfil the EFG mission, contributing to the development of European Policies that could be interesting for geologists. To achieve this matter, it is needed to present Advisory Documents to European Commission and EU Parliament; to organize workshops on geological topics; to participate in public hearings, conferences, and meetings. And that is a work for geologists and experts in different geological issues around Europe. The Groups of Experts developed by EFG are the following, and you can find their current activity and next steps in the document below. If you are interested in being a volunteer in one or more EFG Groups of Experts, do not hesitate to get in contact with the EFG Office.


Kris Piessens (Belgium), 


Kris Welkenhuysen (Belgium), Nuno da Silva (Belgium & Portugal), Gyorgy Falus (Hungary), Deirdre Lewis (Ireland), Nick O’Neill (Ireland), Federico Spagnoli (Italy), Henk J.M Pagnier (NL), Ilka von Dalwigk (Sweden), Juan Alonso Aparte (Spain), Marjeta Car (Slovenia), Miloš Markič (Slovenia), Tonći Grgasović (Croatia), Nikolaos Koukouzas (Greece)

Following the increasing activities in the field of CCS, it is necessary to strengthen EFG’s expert group. We therefore call upon EFG members that are actively working on CCS, or planning to extend their activities to this field. Please contact the EFG Office to become involved as CCS expert.


The mission of the PE on CO2 Geological Storage is closely aligned with the principal objectives of the European Federation of Geologists, which are representing, safeguarding and promoting the geological profession, promoting best practices and responsible use of resources, and establishing policies on environmental matters and sustainability. The current development of Carbon Capture and Storage makes these objectives highly relevant for the topic of CO2 storage. The success of CCS will largely depend on how reliably CO2 can and will be stored, justifying the dedicated mission of the PE CO2 Geological Storage: emphasizing the role of professional geologists and the importance of the geological perspective in the overall concept of carbon capture and storage.


CO2 Geological Storage (CGS) is the geological side of CO2 Capture and Storage (CCS). The EU has been claiming to lead the world on CCS, but it is not living up to its ambitions. As a result, CCS demonstration projects are now being realised in other parts of the world, while they remain stuck in the planning phase in Europe. Part of the reason is the specific geological context of Europe, where basins are smaller and the history of burial and deformation is usually more complex, leading to a less predictable reservoir geology. Therefore, an important task remains open for the geological community for enabling CCS in Europe, because the success of a project, and the confidence for taking early project decisions, will depend on a timely and reliable geological assessment of potential storage locations. Professional geologists need to be prepared and informed in order to be ready when this competence is needed. Other networks focus on pooling scientific competence (CO2GeoNet), coordinating between Geological Surveys (GEEG from EuroGeoSurveys), or are industry (ZEP) or project driven. Although there is a certain overlap between these groups, none of them maintains structured contacts with professional geologists, unless through EFG. Acknowledging this position, the PE CO2 foresees in the following activities for 2016, commencing already in 2015:

-An important goal will be the dissemination of up-to-date information to the panel members and to the EFG members through the proper channels. This information may relate to important steps, decisions, projects, project calls ,etc. -It is also the intention to share information of panel member activities among the panel, such as issued publications, or ongoing and finished projects. -As a communication activity, the website will be updated, and be kept up-to-date at regular intervals. -Starting from 2016, the PE CO2 will aim to publish one publication per year in the EFG Magazine. A call will be launched among the panel members for a volunteer to be lead author of the 2016-publication. -The PE CO2 will evaluate whether the initiative to set-up an e-course can be revitalised, or needs to be abandoned. -The option to involve EFG as a network partner in projects, as it is increasingly been done on other topics, will be advertised. This may be especially relevant for panel members that are not linked to other network groups.



This panel of experts has been created in October 2008. Before it was part of the ”Panel of Experts on Geothermal Energy and CO2 Sequestration”. The PE on CO2 Geological Storage supports the European Technology Platform for Zero Emission Fossil Fuel Power Plants (ZEP). DEVELOPED ACTIVITY E-learning course – CO2 capture and geological storage European Geologist Magazine number 33: Carbon, capture and storage – potential in Europe and barriers to take up, May 2012 EFG’s PE CO2 and ZEP TFT The European Technology Platform for Zero Emission Fossil Fuel Power Plants (ZEP) is the main advisory group for the EU on CO2 Capture and Storage (CCS). First contacts between EFG and ZEP were established on the EU-Sustainable Energy Week 2008, resulting in the joining of EFG as member of the Task Force Technology (TTech). TTech meets 3 to 4 times each year on different locations throughout Europe. This group alone counts over 70 members. Information on past meetings, members and published documents can be found on ZEP’s website. TTech counts different subgroups that are dedicated to capture technologies, transport and storage. As the power sector is strongly represented in ZEP, mostly capture technologies relevant to this sector are discussed. Oil and gas companies, geological surveys, and EFG make sure that storage aspects are well considered.


-Report on EP public hearing “Towards a global CCS breakthrough: Lessons from abroad and a plan for the EU”Position paper about Carbon Capture and geological Storage, January 2008Poster: CO2 Capture and Storage, January 2008



Horizon 2020 calls



DG Climate actionDirective 2009/31/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on the geological storage of carbone dioxide.Directive on the promotion of the use of renewable energy sources



The Hard Facts behind Carbon Capture and Storage by ZEP –Safe Storage: Closing the carbon loop – CO2 Capture and Storage by ZEP –GIFT2014: The global carbon cycle and climate carbon coupling by Geoscience Information for Teachers Workshop (GIFT), European Geosciences Union (EGU) –Geologic Carbon Sequestration: Mitigating Climate Change by Injecting CO2 Underground by Curtis M. Oldenburg at Berkeley Lab summer lecture July 21, 2009 -Geological Storage of CO2 – part 1 and part 2 by Fundación Ciudad de la Energía (CIUDEN) –Structural TrappingResidual TrappingDissolution Trapping and Mineral Trapping by CCS Browser



The European Network of Excellence on the Geological Storage of CO2PanEuropean Coordination Action on CO2 Geological StoragebCO2ReMoVe FP6 project


Éva Hartai (Hungary), 



Roberto Greco (Brasil (Italy)), Hans-Jürgen Gursky (Germany), Ferenc Mádai (Hungary), Eamonn Grennan (Ireland), Antonio Pisciuneri (Italy), Filomena Amador (Portugal), Clara Vasconcelos (Portugal), Chris King (UK), Frances Wall (UK), Gordon Neighbour (UK), José Ignacio Escavy Fernandez (Spain), Juan Remondo Tejerina (Spain), Jorge Loredo (Spain), Manuel Regueiro y González-Barros (Spain), Mirko Vanecek (Czech Republic), Anna Liventseva (Ukraine), Nenad Banjac (Serbia), Nina Zupančič (Slovenia), Mirijam Vrabec (Slovenia), Petra Žvab Rožič (Slovenia), Renata Brezinščak (Croatia), Konstantinos Voudouris (Greece), Peter Müller (Germany)


The PE on Education was established in 2011. It intends to deal with educational questions in geology (earth sciences) at all education levels from primary school to postgraduate courses. In 2015-16 the Panel carried out a survey on geology in school education, public courses and outreach activities in the countries represented by the panel members. The results will be combined with another survey involving university students in order to know how these factors influence university and career choice.


-Establishing cooperation with the educational sections of the national associations;

-Collecting information and creating datasets on the role of geology in public education in different European countries;

-Collecting information and creating datasets on education in geology at higher education level in different European countries (number of students, curricula, learning outcomes, employment, etc);

-Preparing proposals or taking part in international projects related to education in earth sciences;

-Organizing outreach activities related to geology (Geology Day, Conference on earth sciences for secondary-school students);

-Taking part in the organizations of e-courses by EFG;

-Preparing advisory documents to the EC on educational questions.


Mapping the geology in public education in Europe. The survey is online available at the following link.

Preparing a brochure for young professionals about the general requirements for working as geologists in Europe.


-School education in Spain, October 2012. More information on the topic: Fighting for Geoscience Education in Spain, EARTH March 2013.

-EURO-AGES: The European Accredited Geological Study Programmes: Project outcome, February 2011


-The European Qualifications Framework (EQF)



-Open Education Europa: The central access point to find Open Educational Resources (including MOOC) from European providers. In addition it is an access point to the most accurate in-depth information on research around digital and open education.

-Europass: To help making your skills and qualifications clearly and easily understood in Europe

-European Youth Portal: Information and opportunities for young people across Europe. The European Youth Portal offers European and national information and opportunities that are of interest to young people who are living, learning and working in Europe. It gives information around eight main themes, covers 33 countries and is available in 27 languages.

-EURES – The European Job Mobility Portal: The European Job Mobility Portal provides information, advice and job-matching services for the benefit of any citizen wishing to benefit from the principle of the free movement of persons. EURES has a human network of more than 850 EURES advisers that are in daily contact with jobseekers and employers across Europe.

-Multirank: Multirank provides a new way for anyone to compare universities from all around the world –matching like with like, allowing you to see what they’re best at.


-Educational Material related to the International Year of Soils 2015, for children ages 5 to 13.

-GIFT – Geosciences Information For Teachers: The EGU Committee on Education has organised Geosciences Information for Teachers (GIFT) Workshops since 2003. These are 2.5 day teacher enhancement workshops held in conjunction with EGU’s annual General Assembly. There, selected top-level scientists working in the Earth Sciences offer the invited teachers talks focused on a different theme every year.



European Mining, Minerals and Environmental Program (EMMEP): The Joint Master EMMEP is a two-year joint degree program offered by five of Europe’s leading universities in resource engineering: Aalto University (Finland), Delft University of Technology (), University of Miskolc (Hungary), RWTH Aachen University (Germany) and Wroclaw University of Technology (Poland). The organization and co-ordination of the EMMEP program is carried out by the Federation of European Mineral Programs (FEMP) which also maintains the contacts with the supporting industry and the alumni. The students can specialize in either European Geotechnical and Environmental Course (EGEC), European Mining Course (EMC) or European Mineral Engineering Course (EMEC), and will receive a solid background in the specialisation area.

EMERALD program: EMerald is a joint organisation of 4 top-level Universities in the field of georesources: University of Liège, Nancy 2 University, Luleå University of Technology and Freiberg University of Mining and Technology. EMerald offers a two-year full English Master Program educating a new generation of young professionals, integrating a perfect knowledge of available mineral resources and modern engineering technologies. It gives the students the opportunity to develop a broad and multidisciplinary knowledge of georesources processing from cradle to grave and beyond. Modern computer-based technologies used in resource characterization (digital imaging, tomography,…) and in resource modelling (geostatistics, 4D GIS,…) are the backbone of this degree, the objective of which is to train skilled engineers capable of using the most advanced exploration and modelling technologies available.



-THE GEOLOGICAL MAP “Drawing the Earth’s skin” by Paleoceno

-Raw Materials – The stuff that dreams are made of by EU Growth

-Energy Literacy: Essential principles and fundamental concepts for energy education, by U.S. Department of Energy



-Horizon 2020 calls

-Erasmus+: Erasmus+ is the EU programme for education, training, youth and sport for 2014-2020.The Erasmus+ programme aims to boost skills and employability, as well as modernising Education, Training, and Youth work. The seven year programme will have a budget of €14.7 billion; a 40% increase compared to current spending levels, reflecting the EU’s commitment to investing in these areas.

EUROPEAN INSTITUTIONS INVOLVED IN THIS ISSUE European Commission: Education and Training


Mónica Sousa (Portugal) 

Previous coordinator: Hanneke Van den Ancker



Hanneke Van den Ancker (Netherlands), Dave Harper (Denmark), Jörg Matschullat (Germany), Ulrike Mattig (Germany), Alecos Demetriades (Greece), Helgi Torfason (Iceland), John Morris (Ireland), Loreto Farrell (Ireland), Alessandro Torre (Italy), Branka Hlad (Slovenia), Pierre Gander (Swizerland ), Jonh Gordon (UK), Stephen J Cribb (UK), Juan Poch (Spain), Jurgen Amor (Spain), Vit Strupl (Czech Republic), Pablo Irizar (Spain), Alain Dassargues (Belgium), Tamara Borisenko (Ukraine), Aleksandra Maran Stevanović (Serbia), Martina Stupar (Slovenia), Suzana Fajmut Štrucl (Slovenia), Mojca Bedjanič (Slovenia), Miha Jeršek (Slovenia), Lidija Galović (Croatia), Marija Bošnjak Makovec (Croatia), Avraam Zelilidis (Greece)


The EFG Panel of Experts on Geological Heritage aims to support the European Institutions in finding answers to the Geoconservation and Geological Heritage challenges, contributing to the development of European policies to protect the Geological Heritage in Europe. In collaboration with other organizations this PE prepares advice documents and organizes and disseminates scientific events and outreach events on Geoconservation and Geological Heritage.


This panel has contributed preparing advice documents to the WG on Geological Heritage, Council of Europe, Cultural and Natural Heritage Department.


IUCN World Conservation Congress, Hawai’i 1–10 September 2016


-European Geologist magazine 34: issue on geological heritage. Contains a collection of articles with examples of geological heritage protection and geodiversity from 10 different countries.

-Stand at the GREEN WEEK 2012: “Every drop counts”

-EFG convener of session at EGU meeting, Geodiversity and Geoheritage in university education and research, Vienna, 22-27 April 2012.

-Pro-GEO-WG3 meeting on Geodiversity, geoheritage and Nature and landscapes management, Assen, The Netherlands, 19-22 April 2009, meeting was supported by EFG

-ENSA meeting, invited speaker in 2nd European Network on Soil Awareness meeting 27 – 29 September 2009 in Osnabrück. The meeting was supported by the JRC.

-Invited speaker on geological heritage in Taiex Albania meeting EU Mining Legislation and Initiatives related to Non-Energy Extractive Industries INFRA 34256 organised in co-operation with the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Energy and the Albanian Geological Survey, Tirana 20-21 October 2009.

-Land-Ice & Geotourism in Northern Europe. 1st German-Dutch Workshop. Geopark Mecklenburg Ice Age Landscape. Neubrandenburg, October 23rd – 25th, 2008.

-TAIEX & EFG Workshop- Palanga, Lithuania. 7-9 Apr 2008.

-TAIEX & EFG Workshop- Sibiu, Romania. 8-10 Oct 2007.

-EFG participated in Green Week 2006 (29 May–2 June 2006), with a stand highlighting the concept Geodiversity = Biodiversity, where this panel carried out the organization.


-European Union Soil Thematic Strategy Geodiversity and Geoheritage as features of Soil Protection, February 2004.

-EU Manifesto on Earth Heritage and Geodiversity, November 2004, in collaboration with IGU, IUGS, EUCC, ECSSS, IAG, IUSS, and many national and European organizations related to Geoheritage.

-Panel Geodiversity=Biodiversity explained. (29 May–2 June 2006)

-The EFG stand in the Green Week – Geodiversity=Biodiversity. (29 May–2 June 2006)



-European Commission (2012) – Report from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions on the implementation of the Soil Thematic Strategy and ongoing activities.(COM(2012) 046)

-European Commission (2011) – Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions: Our life insurance, our natural capital: an EU biodiversity strategy to 2020 (COM(2011) 0244)

-European Commission (2006) – Proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a FIORE GRAZIA MARIA 6 framework for the protection of soil and amending Directive 2004/35/EC. COM(2006) 0232)

-Land Degradation and Desertification

-Recommendation Re (2004)3 on the Council of Europe on conservation of the geological heritage and areas of special geological interest (Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on May 2004).

LINKS | Institutions

-Associação para a Defesa e Divulgação do Património Geológico do Alentejo e Algarve (DPGA) (Portuguese Association for Geological Heritage)

-Associação Portuguesa de Geomorfólogos (Portuguese Association of Geomorphologists)

-British Institute for Geological Conservation

-Cornwall RIGS Group

-Countryside Council for Wales

-Natural England

-ICNF – Instituto da Conservação da Natureza e das Florestas, I. P. (Portuguese Public Institution)

-International Association of Geomorphologists

-IUCN WCPA Geoheritage Specialist Group

-ProGEO – European Association for the Conservation of the Geological Heritage

-ProGEO-Portugal – Grupo Português da Associação Europeia para a Conservação do Património Geológico(ProGEO Portuguese Group)

-European Geopaks Network

-Asia Pacific Geoparks Network

-Geoparks Global Network

-Réserves Naturelles de France – La commission Patrimoine Géologique

-Scottish Natural Heritage

-SIGEP – Comissão Brasileira de Sítios Geológicos e Paleobiológicos (Brasilian Comissiono n Geological and Paleobiological Sites)

-Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia (Portuguese Geological Survey)

-Sociedad Española para la Defensa del Patrimonio Geológico y Minero (Spanish Society for Geological and Mining Heritage)

-Société Géologique de France – (Page on Geological Heritage – French Geological  Society)

-Sociedad Geológica de España – (Page on Geological Heritage – Spanish Geological Society)

-Geological Society of Australia (Page in Geological Heritage)


Examples of Geoconservation

An Introduction to the Geological Conservation Review (UK)

-An introduction to South Africa’s Geological and Mining Heritage

-Bakony-Balaton Geopark (Hungary)

-Concepts and principles of Geoconservation (Parks and Wildlife Service, Tasmania)

-English Riviera Geopark (UK)

-French Natural Geological Reserves

-Geological heritage in Australia

-Geopark Naturtejo da Meseta Meridional (Portugal)

-Monumento Natural das Pegadas de Dinossaúrios das Serras de Aire e Candeeiros (Portugal)

-Novohrad-Nograd geopark (Hungary)

-Patrimonio Geológico-Minero (IGME)

-Parque Mineiro da Cova dos Mouros (Algarve, Portugal)

-Parque Cultural del Maestrazgo (España)

-Parque Paleozóico de Valongo (Portugal)

-Pedreira do Valério (Canelas, Arouca, Portugal))

-Pistas de Dinossáurios da Serra d’Aire (Portugal)

-Shirakami Mountains-World Heritage Region (Japan)

-South Africa’s Geological “Top Ten”

-The petrified forest of Lesvos – Protected Natural Monument (Greece)

-World heritage sites in the USA



Global Geoparks Network


-Earth Heritage Magazine

-Diversity in Nature (PDF)

-Découvrir le patrimoine géologique de la France (Géosciences, BRGM, nº 7-8, 2008)

-Geotimes (número dedicado ao Património Geológico; vol. 48, nº6 de Junho de 2003) 


Portuguese Pages on Geological Heritage

Geosites (LNEG)

-O Miocénico das arribas do litoral da Península de Setúbal. Um património geológico a preservar.

-Património Paleontológico do Miocénico da Península de Setúbal.

-Monumento Natural das Pegadas de Dinossaurio da Serra de Aire

-Parque Paleozóico de Valongo

-Mestrado em Património Geológico e Geoconservação (Univ. do Minho)


The English Riviera Geopark Film by ERGeopark

-The Lost World: Canaima National Park (Guyana) by NHK/UNESCO

-Novohrad-Nógrád Geopark (Hungary) by the Novohrad Nógrád Geopark

-Where de Day is Born -Araripe plateau Geopark (Brazil) by Ciência, Funcap

-A Day in Geopark [1] — Sai Kung High Island Geo Trail by Hong Kong Geopark

-A Day in Geopark [2] — Volcano Discovery Centre and Sai Kung gourmets by Hong Kong Geopark

-Experience Hong Kong Geopark

-Arouca Geopark – Stories of our land (Portugal)

-Langkawi Geopark – Jewel Of Kedah (Malaysia) by NaturallyLangkawi


Horizon 2020 calls LIFE


Commission: DG Environment Parliament: Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety


János Szanyi (Hungary), 

Previous coordinator: Gareth Ll. Jones



Dirk De Coster (Belgium), Estelle Petitclerc (Belgium), Christian Boissavy (France), Burkhard Sanner (Germany), Detlev Doherr (Germany), Gareth Ll. Jones (Ireland), Riccardo Pasquali (Ireland), Roisin Goodman (Ireland), Pedro Madureira (Portugal), Nick O’Neill (Ireland), José  Martins  Carvalho (Portugal), Frank Schilling (Germany), José Angel Sanchez (Spain), Isabel Fernandez (Spain), Dejan Milenić (Serbia), Nina Rman (Slovenia), Andrej Lapanje (Slovenia), Dušan Rajver (Slovenia), Staša Borović (Croatia), Apostolos Arvanitis (Greece)


The EFG Panels of Experts on Geothermal Energy contributes to the development of European Policies of interest to geologists and geological issues around the European policy on Geothermal Energy. The panel has identified as sensitive problems in geothermal energy sector: · Technological innovation. · Predictable and coherent legislation training and promoting.


The aim of the EFG PE on Geothermal Energy is the promotion of excellence in the application of geology in the Geothermal Energy sector

-EFG Panel of Experts provides the possibility for interchanging experiences between Geothermal experts from different European countries

-EFG PE on Geothermal Energy has the potential to become the main actor in harmonizing this field and to be instrumental in the sustainable growth of geothermal energy utilization

-The members of the Geothermal PE must help the EU Institutions and organizations of EU countries during decision-making process in the geothermal sector.


EFG created this group of experts in the Board Meeting September 2005, when it was called ”Panel of Experts on Geothermal Energy and CO2 Sequestration”.  In 2008 the group separated in two different groups: Panel of Experts on Geothermal Energy and Panel of Experts on CO2 Geological Storage.


-EFG PE on Geothermal Energy supports the new GEOTRAINET organisation

European Tecnology Platform – Renewable Heating and Cooling : EFG is member of the  Geothermal Panel

-UNECE Expert Group on Resource Classification (EGRC): Sustainable Energy Division, renewable resources and reserve,




-EFG was the coordinator of the project GEOTRAINET – “GEO-EDUCATION FOR A SUSTAINABLE GEOTHERMAL HEATING AND COOLING MARKET”. The aim of the project GEOTRAINET, was to develop the training of professionals involved in Ground Source Heat Pump installations (GSHP). GEOTRAINET project fact sheet

-EFG participated in the European Union Sustainable Energy Week 2008, (28 January-1 February): Stand on Geology and Sustainable Energy



Geothermal Energy and the European Commission – February meetings 2008

-Press release about a Directive on the promotion of the use of renewable energy sources, January 2008

-EFG Stand: Geology and Sustainable Energy

-Poster: Geothermal Resources in Europe

-EFG Geothermal Usage Poster, 2008

-Geoscientific recommendations regarding Geothermal Energy to be considered in the Seventh Framework Programme 2007 – 2013, April 2006

-Presentation from the European Federation of Geologists: A Capacity to Promote Geothermal Energy, ENGINE event, February 2006



SETIS magazine: Geothermal Energy, 05/2015

-SET-Plan Update – Geothermal Energy, 2015

-2014 JRC Geothermal Energy Status Report, 17/02/2015

-Geothermal Technology Roadmap: European Technology Platform on Renewable Heating and Cooling, RHC 2014

-Geothermal Energy: Technology Information Sheet,

-Strategic Energy Technology Plan Study on Energy Education and Training in Europe

-ETP-RHC Geothermal vision 2020-2030

-Geothermal ERA-NET project

-Strategic Research and Innovation Agenda for Renewable Heating & Cooling, 2013

-Geothermal Strategic Research Priorities May2012

-Materials Roadmap Enabling Low Carbon Energy Technologies, Comission Staff working paper, 13/12/2011 Brussels

-EGEC Brussels Declaration 2009

-Directive Resources Energy

-Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament: Renewable Energy Road Map Renewable energies in the 21st century: building a more sustainable future, January 2007. (Renewable energy roadmap COM (2006)848 final 10.01.2007)

-Directive 2004/8/ECof 11 February 2004 on the promotion of cogeneration based on useful heat demand in the internal energy market and amending Directive 92/42.EEC

-Directive 2002/91/ECof the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 December 2002 on the energy performance of buildings, Official Journal of the European Communities.

-Energy for the future: renewable sources of energy.White Paper and action plan COM (97) 599 26.11.1997.



-EGU2011: Geothermal energy versus CO2-storage: can we use the underground more than once? European Geosciences Union

-Energy 101: Geothermal Energy by U.S. Department of Energy

-Energy 101: Geothermal Heat Pumps by U.S. Department of Energy

-Renewable Energy 101: Geothermal Power by Green Mountain Energy

-Energy Literacy: Essential principles and fundamental concepts for energy education, by U.S. Department of Energy


Horizon 2020 calls



DG Research

-DG Research, Geothermal Energy

-DG Transport and Energy


-Committee on Industry, External Trade, Research and Energy

-Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety

Relation with other international associations:

-European Renewable Energy Council

-European Geothermal Energy Council

-Current European projects in Geothermal


Marco Petitta, (Italy), 


Previous coordinator: Carlo Enrico Bravi



Dirk De Coster (Belgium), Alain Dassargues (Belgium), Antoine Bouvier (France), Christian Boissavy (France), Alecos Demetriades (Greece), Peter Szucs (Hungary), Tamas Madarasz (Hungary), Kevin Th .Cullen (Ireland), Carlo E. Bravi (Italy), José Martins Carvalho (Portugal), Peter Malik (Slovakia), Clive Carpenter (U.K.), Pierre Christe (Switzerland), Carlos Martínez (Spain), Roberto Greco (Italy), Myhaylo Gejchenko (Ukraine), Vesna Ristić Vakanjac (Serbia), Mihael Brenčič (Slovenia), Melhior Pregl (Slovenia), Nina Mali (Slovenia), Kosta Urumović (Croatia), Tatjana Vlahović (Croatia), Triantafillos Kaklis (Greece)


Hydrogeology is a main topic among technical and professional skills of the geologists, and it is probably the most strictly related to the environmental protection and preservation. In the 21st century, the pursuit of the equilibrium between human needs and environmental sustainability involves as a main element the water resources, representing at the same time a resource and a risk. It is a task of modern geologists to contribute to the management and protection of water resources, with particular attention to groundwater. EFG PE on Hydrogeology mission is to contribute to the development of knowledge, to the awareness of groundwater relevance in daily life, to the introduction of policies and to the technical improvement of professional geologists in this field.


Support European Policy on Hydrogeology:

-Groundwater Directive

-European Commission Working Group CIS-WG C groundwater



Panel members are actively participating in the KINDRA project (Knowledge Inventory for hydrogeology research), founded by the Horizon 2020 programme. 7th electronical meeting, 22 April 2015 CIS-WG C groundwater: EFG is member of the CIS-WG C Groundwater.  The WG is a technical organ of the EU Commission and its activity is interesting to professionals, public authorities and the academic world. The coordinator of the PE on Hydrogeology, Dr. Petitta, represents EFG in this WG. Main current activities of the WG are:

-Groundwater body delineation and mapping by GIS

-Characterization of Groundwater Bodies

-Threshold values for quality status

-Climate change and primary and secondary effects

-Drinking water protected areas

-Trends of pollutants in groundwater and the good status

-Water scarcity and drought

-GDE, groundwater dependent (terrestrial) ecosystems

Blueprint to safeguard Europe’s Waters: The Blueprint aims at ensuring good quality water in sufficient quantities for all legitimate uses. The time horizon of the Blueprint is 2020 since it is closely related to the EU 2020 Strategy and, in particular, to the Resource Efficiency Roadmap. The Blueprint is the water milestone on that Roadmap. However, the analysis underpinning the Blueprint will cover a longer time span, up to 2050, and will drive policy for a longer period.



GEOLOGY AND WATER MANAGEMENT: RESOURCES, RISK AND REGULATIONS (3Rs) Athens Conference. 30 May 2008. On 30 May the Association of Greek Geologists (AGG) with the European Federation of Geologists (EFG) organized an International Conference about geology and water management. Click on the links to access to the Programme and Press release. EFG PE on Hydrogeology has worked in the European Commission, DG Environment, Working Group on Groundwater (WG C) on the preparation of Common Implementation Strategy (CIS) guidance on the definition of what constitutes an input to groundwater and how their impacts should be assessed.


EU Water Framework Directive

-Groundwater Directive

-Report on the Review of the European Water Scarcity and Droughts Policy, 14/11/2012

-European Innovation Partnership on Water: Press release on the European Innovation Partnership on Water Communication, 14/05/2012

-Water Scarcity and Droughts, February 2008

-Groundwater ¨Protection in Europe, Official Publications of the European Communities, 2008

-Towards sustainable water management in the European Union – First stage in the implementation of the Water Framework Directive 2000/60/EC, March 2007

-Directive 2006/118/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 December 2006 on the protection of groundwater against pollution and deterioration, December 2006

-Communication from the commission to the Council and the European Parliament: Communication on the future development of the EU Water Initiative and the modalities for the establishment of a Water Facility for ACP countries, January 2004.

-Communication for the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament: Water management in developing countries policy and priorities for EU development cooperation,March 2002.

-Water Framework Directive – integrated river basin management for Europe, October 2000


European Water Association

-Water Information System for Europe, WISE

-The ASTHyDA project addresses the need for a concise review and dissemination of recent knowledge and tools for prediction of stream flow and groundwater in periods of water scarcity.

-Information on the activities in progress in the context of the EU Water Initiative launched officially in Johannesburg 2002 are available on the Water for Life and EU Water Initiative official website.

-Millennium Project, Commissioned by the UN Secretary and supported by the UN Development Group they elaborate a report of Task Force 7 on Water and Sanitation: Health, dignity, and development: what will it take?

-Website for EUGRIS Project aims to develop a web based on a user friendly information platform for contaminated land and groundwater management. It will be openly available and provide a comprehensive and overarching information resource for sustainable groundwater and land management practice. EUGRIS acts as a “central broker” of information.

-Publication: “Water Technologies: Results and opportunities” A selection of projects financed during the FP5 is briefly presented in this publication to give examples of completed projects and their contribution to areas such as wastewater, drinking water or industrial water technologies.

-Europe’s Water: An indicator-based assessment. This document assesses the quality and quantity of Europe’s water. Four water issues are assessed on the basis of 57 indicators, selected for their relevance: ecological quality, eutrophication and organic pollution of water, hazardous substances and water quantity.

UN and associated links:

-UN Division of Sustainable Development, including WSSD Plan of Implementation.

-Unesco Water, including the World Water Assessment Programme for Development, Capacity Building and the Environment:

Selected regional initiatives:

-Euro-Mediterranean Information System on the know-how in the Water Sector

-Portal Euro-Med water research projects

-African Ministers Conference on Water (AMCOW)

-GLOWA-Volta home page

Other initiatives and projects:

-Global Water Outlook to 2025

-Global Water Partnership

-World Water Council

-World Commission on Dams

-Traditional Knowledge World Bank in Water management

-IRC – International Water an Sanitation Centre

-Gender and Water Alliance

-Water Supply & Sanitation Collaborative Council


How rivers work: The Role of Groundwater by UK Groundwater Forum.

-GIFT 2012: Water Cycle, freshwater availability and distribution: challenges for next 100 years by GIFT (Geosciences Information for Teacher Workshop) presentation by Alberto Montanari

-EGU2015: EGU-AGU Great Debate on Freshwater Use – The thirsty 10 billion: Are we managing? by European Geosciences Union

-EGU2014: Hydrological challenges facing the planet by European Geosciences Union

-What Is Groundwater? by QUEST Science

-Hydrogeologist by A division of The Crate Group


Horizon 2020 calls LIFE



DG Environment DG Development Europe Aid ECHO United Nations Development Group


Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety


Pavlos Tyrologou (Greece),  

Previous coordinator: J.H. Ligtenberg, Andy Gibson



Andy Gibson (UK), Antoine Bouvier (France), Detlev Doherr (Germany), Dimitris Papanikolaou (Greece), Steve Parry (Hong kong), Péter Scharek (Hungary), Domenico Calcaterra (Italy), Corrado Cencetti (Italy), Marino Trimboli (Italy), Piero Farabollini (Italy), Nazzareno Diodato (Italy), Dinand Alkema (Netherlands), Brecht B.T. Wassing. (Netherlands), Cees J. van Westen (Netherlands), Ricardo Oliveira (Portugal), Robert Lilljequist (Sweden), Hansruedi Graf (Swizeland ), Giuseppe Franciosi (Swizeland ), Hugo Raetzo (Swizeland ), Martin Culshaw (UK), James S Griffiths (UK), John N. Carney (UK), Jim Cook (UK), Mercedes Ferrer (Spain), Rosa Maria Mateos (Spain), Juan C. Garcia-Davalillo (Spain), Roberto Alvarez de Sotomayor Matesanz (Spain), Tamás Oszvald (Hungary), Olga Teodorovich (Ukraine), Zoran Radić (Serbia), Marko Komac (Slovenia), Barbara Čenčur Curk (Slovenia), Miloš Bavec (Slovenia), Laszlo Podolszki (Croatia), Athanassios Ganas (Greece)


The group has been established in March 2003, in relation to EC initiatives on Civil Protection, DG Environment, and has since then provided many contributions to the EC. The new coordinator of this Panel of Experts is Chartered Geologist and holder of EurGeol title on the field of Engineering and Environmental Geology. Furthermore, he is member of the Technical Committee in Engineering Practice of Risk Assessment and Management of the International Society for Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering.


Press release “Geoscience, a tool for civil protection against floods”, December 2017

-The panel responded positively to an invitation by the Disaster Risk Management Knowledge Centre for the preparation of the “Science for DRM Report 2020” in November 2017. The panel reviewed the proposed table of contents and offered additional ideas to re-emphasise what has already been suggested to “Science for DRM report 2017”. Both the EFG and the Panel of Experts on Natural Hazards and Climate Change welcome transparent and open initiatives to engage the multidisciplinary scientific communities and society to address the environmental impacts caused by climate change.

Press release “Geoscience, a tool for civil protection against earthquakes”, September 2016

-Press release and position paper “Geoscience, a tool for civil protection against floods”, June 2016

-The panel recently published an advisory document that explains the role of Geosciences in reducing the risk from natural hazards: Advisory Document “Disaster Risk Reduction from natural hazards”, 22 November 2015

-Press release “Geoscience as tool on civil protection against natural hazards”, 1 June 2015

Policies followed by the panel: 1. United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP 21 or CMP 11) took place in Paris between 30.11 and 12.12 2015. The main result of the conference is the Paris Agreement, which was negotiated by the conference. The agreement states that “Holding the increase in the global average temperature to well below 2 °C above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 °C above pre-industrial levels”. The agreement will enter into force only if 55 countries that produce at least 55% of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions ratify, accept, approve or accede to the agreement. Read the adoption of the Paris Agreement in details here. 2. Flood Risk Management EFG is member of the European Commission Working Group F on Flood (WG F) The mandate for Working Group F on Floods (WG F) is part of the CIS (Common Implementation Strategy for the Water Framework Directive) Programme 2010-2012 and includes work on the following: Development of reporting formats, tools and schemas for reporting of the FloodsDirective. Continued information exchange in WGF, and in Thematic Workshops. Preparation of Resource documents on: Floods and economics and on a Catalogue of good practices in flood risk management in view of climate change. Development of scope for database on significant past floods linked to reporting in WISE. Summary WG F Flood risk management Better environmental options in flood risk management 2. Civil Protection Policy: Prevention, preparedness and Disaster Risk Reduction 3. DG Research: Environmental Research Natural Hazards 4. DG Enterprise and Industry: Security research and development7FP security 5. Integrated Research on Disaster Risk 6. The United Nations Office for Disaster Risk ReductionMaking cities resilient


Over the reporting period, this expert group has been active with contributions to the European Commission working group on flood risk mapping (EXCIMAP). The EFG expert panel on natural hazards has written several Advice Documents for the European Commission DG Environment, unit Civil Protection and unit Water. The expert panel has established a Geoscientific Manifesto document on natural hazards and land-use planning (see below). Furthermore, the group has participated in the Public Hearing about Prevention and Management of Natural and Technological Risks in Europe, carried out the 23rd March 2004 at the European Parliament, with the presentation: “Risk Mapping and Land Use Planning”. The panel has provided input to the text of the Seventh Research Framework Programme (FP7) on request by DG Research (2006). It has also assigned two members to participate in the European Commission working group EXCIMAP on flood risk mapping.


-Advisory Document “Disaster Risk Reduction from natural hazards”, 22 November 2015

-Press release “Geoscience as tool on civil protection against natural hazards”, 1 June 2015

-EFG Presentation in the WG F meeting 16/10/2012

-EFG Pressrelease “Workshop on Managing Natural Hazards”, 10 May 2012.

-Natural Hazards and the European Commission – February meetings 2008

-Final resolution international geohazards conference: European Federation of Geologists and “Consiglio Nazionale dei Geologi d’Italia” (Italian National Council of Geologists), May 2007

-Summary report about the EXCIMAP meeting, December 2006

-EFG and EuroGeoSurvey Amendments to the European legislation on Proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the assessment and management of floods (Draft), April 2006

-Geoscientific recommendations regarding natural hazards to be considered in the Seventh Framework Programme 2007 – 2013, March 2006

-Geo-scientific recommendations for the Floods Directive, September 2005

-Advice Document to the European Commission on Reducing the risk from natural hazards, March 2005

-Geo-scientific Manifesto on Civil Protection against Natural Hazards, presented in the consultation meeting, organized by the European Commission, 8th February 2005, Brussels.

-EFG Advice Document to the European Commission on Civil Protection and Natural Hazards,March 2003.


In The European environment — state and outlook 2015 — synthesis report, European Environmental Agency, 2015. Chapter 3.9, page 75: The impacts of climate change on ecosystems and society call for adaptation measures Civil Protection Policy:

Proposal for a DECISION OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL on a Union Civil Protection Mechanism, 20 December 2012

-Disaster Risk Management Plant: Proposal to renew EU civil protection legislation. Stakeholder information note June 2011

-Council conclusions on Integrated Flood Management within the European Union 3085th JUSTICE and HOME AFFAIRS Council meeting Brussels, 12 May 2011

-Council conclusions on Further Developing Risk Assessment for Disaster Management within the European Union, 12 April 2011

-COMMISSION STAFF WORKING PAPER Risk Assessment and Mapping Guidelines for Disaster Management, 21 December 2010

-Support Study for the Implementation Plan of the EU Strategy for Supporting Disaster Risk Reduction in developing     Countries, June 2010

A “holistic approach” to disaster prevention.   Adequate funding, legislation on forestry protection, fire prevention and water scarcity, plus a balanced agriculture policy, are all needed to combat natural and man-made disasters. The  resolution  also lists prevention measures that should receive priority support from the EU. A Community approach on the prevention of natural and man-made disasters, February 2010

-Council Conclusions on an EU Strategy for Supporting Disaster Risk Reduction in Developing Countries May 2009

EU strategy for disaster risk reduction in developing countries February 2009-

-EU initiatives on disaster prevention. Over these last few years, Europe’s forest fires, floods and droughts have become fiercer and more intense. This has a devastating affect on people’s lives, their livelihood and the environment. In 2008 the European Commission plans to publish a Communication on an integrated approach to disaster prevention.

-A community approach on the prevention of natural and man-made disasters policy from DG Environment, February 2009

-16 February 2011: Commission Staff Working Paper. Implementation Plan of the EU Strategy for supporting disaster risk reduction in developping countries – SEC(2011) 215 final

-21 December 2010: Commission Staff Working Paper. Risk Assessment and Mapping Guidelines for Disaster Management – SEC(2010) 1626 final

-November 2007: EXCIMAP. Handbook on good pracitices for flood mapping in Europe.

-Directive 2007/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2007 on the assessment and management of flood risks

-5 March 2008: Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council on Reinforcing the Union’s Disaster Response Capacity – COM(2008) 130 final

-European Parliament resolution of 14 November 2007 on the regional impact of earthquakes

-Communication from European Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of Regions, “Reinforcing the Civil Protection Capacity of the European Union”, March 2004.


-The Two Weeks of COP 21 in 10 Minutes by climateconference

-Geohazard tank models: 9 short videos by the British Geological Survey

-GIFT2013: Understanding the earthquake generation process — key results and grand challenges by GIFT (Geosciences Information for Teachers Workshop) GIFT presentation by Massimo Cocco

-GIFT2013: Triggered landslide events — statistics, implications and road network interactions by GIFT presentation by Bruce D. Malamud

-EGU2013: Disaster risk management by European Geosciences Union

-EGU2011: Emerging risks and natural hazards: understanding and managing extremes by European Geosciences Union

-Anatomy of an earthquake – Professor Iain Stewart by NERCscience

-Landslide Hazards by USGS

-Tsunami by Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologica


Horizon 2020 calls LIFE The Civil Protection Financial Instrument 2014-2020 supports and complements Member States’ efforts to protect people and property in the event of natural and man-made disasters, terrorist acts and technological, radiological and environmental accidents. It also facilitates co-operation between Member States in the field of civil protection.


Commission: DG Environment, Civil Protection, DG ResearchNatural Hazards, DG Development, Environment, Disaster Risk Reduction, DG Clima Parliament: Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety



UNISDR International Strategy for Disaster Reduction,

-Global Platform for Disaster Risk ReductionPreventionWeb

-UNISDR, Europa


Carlos Almeida (Portugal),  

Previous coordinators: Andy Bowden, Slavko Solar, Pim Demecheleer, John Clifford



János Földessy (Hungary), John Clifford (Ireland), Jacek Sobczyk (Poland), Simon McCurdy (UK), Robrecht Schmitz (Belgium), Guy Franceschi (Belgium), Pierre Goossens (Belgium), Pim Demecheleer (Belgium), Todor Todorov (Bulgaria), Markku Iljina (Finland), Christian Schaffalitzky (Ireland), Eibhlin Doyle (Ireland), Zygmunt Jakubiak (New Zealand), José Mário Castelo Branco (Portugal), Romeu Vieira (Portugal), Radosalv Vukas (Serbia ), Slavko Solar (Slovenia), José Ignacio Escavy Fernandez (Spain), Robert Lilljequist (Sweden), Steve Henley (UK), Paul Joel (UK), Robert Bowell (UK), Natanael Cuéllar González (Spain), Rubén Esteban Pérez (Spain), Eva Hartai (Hungary), Sergio Matteoli (Italy), Ruth Allington (UK), Anton Chupilko (Russia), Miroslav Raus (Czech Republic), Jaromir Stary (Czech Republic), Denis Burdin (Russia), Alexander Bobrov (Ukraine), Duška Rokavec (Slovenia), Uroš Herlec (Slovenia), Slobodan Miko (Croatia), Duška Rokavec (Slovenia), Remi Bosc (France), Stavros Kalaitzidis (Greece), Petros Koutsovitis (Greece), Michael Neumann (Germany), Bernd Schürmann (Germany)


Collaboration in a) the adoption of The Pan-European Reporting Standard by the major professional geological association in Europe and its recognition internationally as a CRIRSCO template for an international standard/code; b) since 2002, EFG participation in the Raw Material Supply Group, European Commission experts group under the responsibility of the Direction General for Enterprise and Industry, and c) in the EFG participation in the United Nations Framework Classification for Fossil Energy and Mineral Resources(“UNFC”) adopted by the UN in June 2004 and updated in 2009. BACKGROUND EFG supports the adoption of the Reporting Code by the major professional geological association in Europe and its recognition internationally as a template for an international code.


The aim of CRIRSCO (Committee for Mineral Reserves International Reporting Standards) is to promote high standards of reporting of mineral resources and reserves and of exploration progress. CRIRSCO was formed in 1994 and is today recognised by global organisations such as the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB), the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) and the International Council on Mining and Metals (ICMM), as the key international organisation representing the mining industry on issues relating to the classification and reporting of mineral assets. The current members of CRIRSCO are: JORC (Australasian ) CIM (Canada) IMEC (Chile) PERC (Europe) NAEN (Russia) SAMCODES (South Africa) SME (United States of America)

About PERC

The Pan-European Reserves & Resources Reporting Committee, PERC, is the European equivalent of the Australasian JORC, SAMREC in South Africa and similar reserves reporting standard bodies in the USA, Canada, Russia, and Chile, and along with them is a constituent member of the Committee for Mineral Reserves International Reporting Standards (CRIRSCO). Representation on PERC covers major and minor mining sectors, industrial minerals, aggregates, coal, the investment and financial community and the professional accreditation organisations, including the Institute of Materials, Minerals, and Mining (IOM3), the European Federation of Geologists, the Geological Society of London, and the Institute of Geologists of Ireland. More information: Presentation on PERC by Eddie Bailey EFG is member of the Expert Group on Resource Classification (formerly known as the Ad Hoc Group of Experts on Harmonization of Fossil Energy and Mineral Resources Terminology) is responsible for the promotion and further development of the United Nations Framework Classification for Fossil Energy and Mineral Reserves and Resources, UNFC,  2009. UNFC-2009 is a universally applicable scheme for classifying/evaluating energy and mineral reserves and resources. The principal objective of UNFC-2009 is to enhance international communication by providing a simple, user-friendly and uniform format for the reporting of energy reserves and resources, using market-based economic criteria. It has been developed to meet, to the extent possible, the needs of applications pertaining to international energy and mineral studies, government resource management functions, corporate business processes and financial reporting standards. More information: Presentation on the relation between CRISCO and UNFC classification by Stephen Henley EFG is member of the Raw Material Supply Group, a European Commission experts group under the responsibility of the Direction General for Enterprise and Industry.


INTRAW project (coordinated by EFG)

-MINATURA2020 project

-VAMOS project

-UNECE Experts Group on Resource Classification (EGRC): UN Economic Commission for Europe, United Nations Framework Classification for Fossil Energy and Mineral Reserves and Resources (UNFC)


-MIN WIN WIN conference, 2014

-Natural Resources Reporting Workshop on May 15th, 2009 in conjunction with the EFG Council meeting in Dublin.

-Taiex Workshop in Budapest (November 2006). The presentations are available Taiex Library.

-(SOCIETY FOR GEOLOGY APPLIED TO MINERAL DEPOSITS) SGA Conference Dublin August 2007: A session on resource – reserve issues is being convened by J Clifford. Papers are invited. For details check: SGA 9th BIENNIAL MEETING


The PE has elaborated the following documents:

Horses for Courses: CRIRSCO Template and UN Framework Classification, Presentation by Ruth Allington and Stephen Henley

-Horses for Courses: Abstract

-EFG Comments on Discussion Paper “Raw Materials for a Modern Society”, February 2011

-EFG Position Statement on European Technology Platform Sustainable Mineral Resources (ETPSMR), March 2006.

-EFG Position Statement on Mineral Resources Policy and Management in Europe, March 2006.

-The qualified person concept EFG submission, with respect to the Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the management of waste from the extractive industries, February 2004.

-An Introduction to the Code for Reporting of Mineral Exploration Results, Mineral Resources and Reserves, October 2001.

-Code for reporting of Mineral Exploration Results, Mineral resources and mineral reserves, (The reporting Code), October 2001.

Others documents:

-CRIRSCO reporting standards workshop, London, 7 November 2011, Ruth Allington

-Public consultation on a possible Innovation Partnership on raw materials: EFG Contribution

-Statement on the UNECE Expert Group Meeting on Resource Classification, Geneva, 6-8 April 2011, Andy Bowden.

-Statement on the Workshop “Raw Materials for a modern society”, Brussels, 28 February 2011, Andy Bowden.

-Statement “Spain needs mineral reserves in order to face a possible under-supply”, 25 May 2011, Ruben Esteban.

-Report on the Committee for Mineral Reserves International Reporting Standards (CRIRSCO) annual meeting held on 28-29 September 2010 in Moscow, Russia

-European Commission proposes new strategy to address EU critical needs for Raw Materials, EU Raw Materials Initiative

On 2 February 2011 the European Commission adopted its final communication Com(2011) 25 final “Tackling the challenges in commodity markets and on raw materials”. Based on the public consultation to which the EFG PE contributed, the European Commission had already created a first communication document in 2008. The attention to access to raw materials and including access from European sources, will involve contributions of the national geological surveys and eventually the European Geological profession. EFG PE promotes the use of the PERC code as a tool to align reserves and resources definitions in Europe, which is only one element that will improve the knowledge base for which the European Commission is calling.


In Brief document from ICMM on the CRIRSCO family of reporting standards

-European Parliament non-binding Resolution on an effective raw materials strategy for Europe (2011/2056(INI)), 13 September 2011.

-Communication from the European Commission “Tackling the challenges in commodity markets and on raw materials”, February 2011, Com(2011) 25 final.

-Innovation Partnership: Non-Energy Raw Materials for a Modern Society, Discussion Document, 17 December 2010. Ref.Ares(2010) 965067.

-United Nations Framework Classification for Fossil Energy and Mineral Reserves and Resources 2009

-European rock and role, EU IM PRODUCTION, February 2009.

-Communication on the Raw Materials Initiative – Meeting our critical needs for growth and jobs in Europe, November 2008.

-European Commission proposes new strategy to address EU critical needs for Raw Material. Press release-Mining waste Directive was adopted in 2006.

-Information on Thematic Strategy on the Sustainable Use of Natural Resources.December 2005





-Raw Materials – The stuff that dreams are made of by EU Growth

-Gold Mining: How Gold is mined, refined and formed by Modern Marvels

-Coal Mining: How It Evolved and Progressed Throughout the Years by Modern Marvels

-How It’s Made: Copper by How It’s Made video

-Rare earths mining: China’s 21st Century gold rush by BBS News

-How deep sea mining works in 3D by NMANeswsDirect


Horizon 2020 calls



DG Enterprise and Industry

-DG Environment: Mining Waste


-Committee on Industry, External Trade, Research and Energy

-Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Consumer Policy


María J. Rubial (Spain), 

Previous coordinator: David Manning



Luciano Fabio Torre (Italy), Malcolm Doak (UK), Cristina Roel Alfonso (Spain), Pablo Irizar (Spain), Sergio Navarro Alonso (Spain), Endre Dobos (Hungary), PéterSipos (Hungary), Pavlos Tyrologou (Greece),  Robrecht Schmitz (Belgium), Gyozo Jordan (Hungary), Zoran Nikić (Serbia), Mateja Gosar (Slovenia), Ajka Šorša (Croatia), Basile Christaras (Greece)


The role of geologists in soil protection covers a wide range of topics. Firstly, the geological soil-forming processes, which include those that underpin soil fertility and carbon capture in soils. Secondly, soil protection, including sediments, which covers both the identification and characterization of different stressors in order to manage the potential risks and avoid contamination, starting from the understanding of the probability of a contaminant event occurring. Soil protection also includes the evaluation of the most suitable remediation techniques, and leading where necessary to the design and execution of engineering works to make a soil meet specific required quality criteria to deliver a new function. Extending from site-specific tasks, the geologist plays an important role in understanding soil processes globally, in the context of the overall Earth System. In this work, the geologist has to work closely with professionals from other disciplines, including life scientists, ecologists, geographers, hydrologists and civil engineers, as well as planners and land-use specialists.


-To provide a core of expertise within EFG that relates to soils and soil protection.

-To observe changes in policy and regulation that affect soils at a European level, and to respond with advice when appropriate opportunities arise.

-To develop a common European platform of geological understanding with regard to the soils (reference terms, methodology, data analysis, statistics)


The Panel of Experts on Soils uses a thorough understanding of the technical and scientific matters that relate to soil protection on a range of scales to be in a position where it can inform policy, and assist policy makers in drafting or modifying appropriate regulation. EFG has liaison with the CEN, European Committee for Standardization, Technical Committee on Characterization of Soils, TC345, since September 2010.


This panel prepared and amended a document in collaboration with EuroGeoSurvey on reaction to the Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a framework for the protection of soil and amending Directive 2004/35/EC, September 2006.


Proposal for Amendments by Eurogeosurveys and supported by the European Federation of Geologists on the Proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a Framework for the Protection of Soil and amending Directive 2004/35/EC COM(2006) 232 Final 2006/0086 (COD).


Land Degradation and Desertification March 2009

-Proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a framework for the protection of soil and amending Directive 2004/35/EC, September 2006

-Communication from the Commission to the council, the European Parliament, The Economic and Social Committee, and the Committee of Regions: Thematic Strategy on the sustainable use of natural resources, December 2005.

-Assessment and reporting on soil erosion Background and workshop report, European Environment Agency, 2003.

-Communication from the Commission to the council, the European Parliament, The Economic and Social Committee, and the Committee of Regions: Towards a Thematic Strategy for Soil Protection, April 2002.

-European soil monitoring and assessment framework, EIONET workshop proceedings. European Environment Agency, 2001.

-Down to earth: Soil degradation and sustainable development in Europe, A challenge for the 21st century, Environmental issue series No 16, European Environmental Agency, 2000.

International Year of Soils (IYS) – 2015

The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations has been nominated to implement the IYS 2015, within the framework of the Global Soil Partnership and in collaboration with Governments and the secretariat of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification. The IYS 2015 aims to increase awareness and understanding of the importance of soil for food security and essential ecosystem functions.


-Promotional material

-Fact sheets

-FAO publications

-Audio and Video



-Educational Material related to the International Year of Soils 2015, for children ages 5 to 13.


Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)

List of Soil Science Societies

International Union of Soil Sciences

Glossary of Soil Science Terms

This Glossary of Soil Science Terms was an ad hoc committee of the Soil Science of America to provide a single glossary of terms for the various disciplines of soil science.

Soil Atlas 2015

The Soil Atlas 2015 presents facts and figures about earth, land and fields; its broad ranging significance and its current state in Germany, Europe and the world.

Soils: Introducing the World Beneath Our Feet

Learn about soils, the variety of life they contain and how humans impact this fragile system, with this free online course.

Educational Card Game: the hidden life of soils (+8). Download the game, print it and play.

2012 Annual report of the IUGS/IAGC Task Group on ‘Global Geochemical Baselines’

UK Soil Observatory

British Society of Soil Scienc


Better Save Soil from IASS

Let’s Talk About Soil from IASS

Symphony of the Soil

Soils: Our ally against climate change from FAO

Soil 101 from FAO

2015 International Year of Soils by Barry Rawlins (British Geological Society)

EGU2015: International Year of Soil – Soil Science within an interdisciplinary framework by European Geosciences Union


Horizon 2020 calls LIFE


Commission: DG Environment: Soil

Parliament: Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety

European Soil Portal

Soil at JRC


Olaf Klarner 

Previous coordinator: Robert A. Lambert



Ratko Vasiljević (Croatia), Oliver Paech (Germany), Robert A. Lambert (UK), Nuno da Silva (Belgium & Portugal), Bogdan Lelyk (Ukraine), Ivan Dulic (Serbia), Salvatore Morano (Italy), Spyridon Bellas (Greece), Olaf Klarner (Germany)


The oil and gas industry plays a significant role in the supply of the world’s energy demand in the 21st century. While responding to this demand it has to face serious challenges like:

-continuously rising world demand and newly emerging big consumers

-uncertain energy policy

-political constraints and competition for proven reserves

-international boarders

-new operational challenges for conventional resources and reserves in deep offshore, arctic regions, etc.

-unconventional resources and technology

-worsening fiscal terms

-oil price volatility, speculations, eco-political pressures

-corporate social responsibility, health, safety and environmental risks

-climate change concerns

-competition and/or collaboration with new technologies (e.g. geothermal energy)

-R&D, innovation

-lack of experienced and skilled experts/professionals

-scarce or absent funding for training courses in oil & gas-related disciplines (e.g. reservoir characterization/rock typing),

-potential’s function change of depleted hydrocarbon reservoirs (e.g.  to CCS, UGS, geothermal energy production)

-exploration of upside potentials in mature accumulation zones

-advanced portfolio management techniques in hydrocarbon exploration in low oil price environment

The answers to these problems require adequate regulation systems and skill backgrounds.

The mission of the EFG PE on Oil & Gas is to support the European Institutions in finding answers to the industrial challenges and to participate in their activities.


The PE has to serve the experienced experts for the tasks of EU Institutions and other organisations regarding the oil & gas sector. The PE aims at organising workshops where experts can exchange their experiences and opinions about the current and common challenges of industry (technically, environmentally, geopolitically & commercially) and aims at participating in the development of new policies and directives of EU institutions and organisations.


EFG participated on Resources and Reserves categorisation issues with attention to the United Nations Framework Classification (UNFC). The final version of this classification (“UNFC”) adopted by the UN in June 2004 is the United Nations Framework Classification for Fossil Energy and Mineral Resources.


Maintain the position of EFG in the UN expert group of Security of Fossil Fuel Supply. Re-assess the opportunities, ways and means of enhancing indigenous contribution to the oil and gas supply of member countries of EFG. EFG assists oil companies in implementing their tasks in the field of demonstrating their social responsibility. Establishing licensing procedures and systems for certified petroleum reserve evaluators initiated by AAPG. EFG Office disseminates information about the European legislation on Energy and Thematic Strategy on the sustainable use of natural resources. Fracking – EFG survey, November 2013


Paper “Overview on Oil and Gas in Croatia”, January 2018

Contribute to the improvement of the professional communication among NGOs, NOCs, and IOCs by participating in the International Programme of Scientific and Technical Organizations.



Directive of the European Parliament and the Council concerning measures to safeguard security of natural gas supply. September 2002.

Proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the council concerning the alignment of measures with regard to security of supply for petroleum products. December 2002.

Climate impact of potential shale gas production in the EU: report for European Commission DG CLIMA

Macroeconomic impacts of shale gas extraction in the EU: EC DG ENV, March 2014



EGU2013: Shale Gas: to frack or not to frack? (GDB1) by European Geosciences Union

How 3D Seismic Is Used To Explore Oil And Gas by Geophysics Rocks

Overview of the Oil Industry: 52 short videos by Richard Lau

Shale gas FAQs: 9 short videos British Geological Survey

Offshore deepwater drilling process by Shyne L Coleman

Oil Drilling by Oil & Gas Animations



Horizon 2020 calls




DG Enterprise

DG Transport and Energy

DG Energy: – Oil, gas and coal

Parliament: Committee on Industry, External Trade, Research and Energy.


Gabriele Ponzoni (Italy), 


The PE on Geotechnics contributes to the development of European Policies of interest to geologists and geological issues regarding the European policy on geotechnics.

The panel has identified as sensitive problems in the geotechnics sector:

Legislative problems deriving from different regulations in individual countries

Problems inherent to the legislative interpretation of the role of the professional geologist in the design

Problems of interference of other professions in the field of professional geologist

Technological innovation in the geotechnics sector


Promotion of excellence in the application of geology in the geotechnics sector

Providing the possibility of exchanging experiences between geotechnics experts from different European countries

Helping the EU Institutions and organizations of EU countries during decision-making processes in the geotechnics sector and above all about the Eurocodics inherent to the legislative installations in the field of geology applied in the construction sector



Develop a thorough analysis of the criticalities of European legislation on the activity of a professional geologist and the potential criticality of its specific role in comparison with other competing professional categories

Develop a persuasive capability towards EU offices to protect the geologist’s professional role

Develop and protect new professional areas that can emerge from new technologies in the field of construction


EFG Position on notification 2017/43/I (“Decree updating the new technical standards for buildings”) sent on 23 May 2017 to European Commission.

General task description

EFG’s Panels of Experts (PE) have been set up to provide high quality advice and information to the European Commission, to the European Parliament, to international NGO’s and to global professional associations, to participate in EC congresses, to participate in EC working groups and to attend EC consultation meetings. In addition, they should proactively respond to relevant issues in the press and to those items on the European Commission and European Parliament agenda. Furthermore, in all these activities it is the intention to take every opportunity to emphasize the importance of geology to society, the benefits of incorporating geological advice and to promote the importance of the geo-scientific profession.

The participation of experts is on a voluntary basis. The advantage for the participating experts is their active involvement in a European and/or worldwide network of experts with the same specialty. Although in most cases several of these specialist networks already exist, the EFG expert panels are different, because they mainly focus on raising the awareness of technical and professional issues and try to influence or convince politicians and decision makers to adjust their directives such that geology is taken into account. In addition, EFG will be trying to arrange workshops/meetings to bring the experts of the group together for detailed discussions, with possible participation of European Commission members. Experts may also be assigned by the EFG Brussels office and the coordinator of the expert panel to meet EC members for detailed discussions, to give presentations to the European Commission/European Parliament when requested or take part in European Commission working groups. Furthermore, EFG can assist in gaining improved insight into EU funding possibilities.

› Coordinators

The EFG expert panels are driven by a coordinator assigned per panel, which is tasked with transmitting work activities to the panel members for input and comment and for communicating the consensus report or documents back to the EFG Office. The EFG Board nominates the coordinator. His/her responsibilities include keeping the Board and thus Council informed of activities. The coordinator should be from a member country of the EFG. The coordinator is responsible for direct communication with the EFG Brussels office. Coordinators should respond to questions from the EFG Brussels office in a timely manner to be able to plan activities accordingly. When the coordinator is unable to respond well due to lack of time (it is after all a voluntary task and it should not significantly affect his/her own job), he/she should indicate this as soon as possible to the EFG Brussels office. Alternative solutions can be sought, such as assigning another expert in the group to temporarily take over the task of coordination.

› Membership

Membership of an EFG expert panel is not restricted to people from EU countries only. However, the main part of the expert panel should be from EU countries. It is preferred that experts involved have the professional geologist EurGeol title. It is expected that experts involved in the EFG expert groups will actively participate. When issues arise, they are requested to respond quickly. When experts are not able to respond quickly due to lack of time (as described above for the coordinator), they should notify the coordinator of their panel. Active involvement is necessary to be successful. When members of expert panels are not actively participating, the Office will consider removing them from the list.

This will first be discussed with the expert involved. This procedure has been decided upon to avoid large inactive groups without deliverables. When members of the expert panel come across issues that would be a task for the EFG expert group, they should discuss the issue with the coordinator and the rest of the expert panel. The coordinator should subsequently contact the EFG Brussels office to decide if and what actions should be taken. To make the best use of the expertise available from the experts we need to have good information about them, and so that we can also approach individuals for special tasks (e.g. involvement in a European Commission working group on behalf of EFG). Therefore experts are requested to provide some information about their expertise. 


Name and contact details.




Academic qualifications.


Area of expertise, incl. possible subdivision (e.g. natural hazards; floods expert).


Area of interest.


Years of relevant experience.


Involvement in other networks. Any other relevant information.

› Regulations for participation in working groups

Regularly, EFG is invited to assign an expert to participate in European Commission working groups. Participation in these EC working groups gives us the opportunity to improve visibility and emphasize the importance of geology and thereby influence the European Policy with (in-) direct relation to geology. The coordinator of the expert panel and the Brussels office director nominates the person assigned to become participant in EC working groups. Experts that are involved in EC working groups through the EFG also have to represent the European Federation of Geologists in these working groups. In addition, they may also represent their own organization, e.g. a national Geological Survey. A requirement in this task is to provide good feedback and regular reports to the EFG office on activities within the EC working group. Concise reports or status updates are required before EFG Council meetings (June and December). It is recommended to involve the relevant EFG expert panel when and where necessary in matters arising in the EC working group.

› Regulations for publications

Since all products of the expert groups should represent the overall view of all countries involved in the European Federation of Geologists, it is a requirement that all written documents and possible EFG representation by experts at special events are approved by the EFG Board and EFG Council. Therefore, written EFG Advice documents require 1 to 2 weeks final review and approval by the EFG Board and Council. In situations when urgent response is required, approval by the EFG board is sufficient. All communications with the EFG Board and Council are through the EFG office.